Modern treaties are negotiated amongst the governments of Canada, British Columbia and First Nations in BC. Treaties are grounded in the recognition of the Indigenous rights; reconcile pre-existing Indigenous sovereignty with assumed Crown sovereignty; do not extinguish the rights, including title, in form or result; and are able to evolve over time based on the co-existence of Crown and Indigenous governments and the ongoing process of reconciliation of pre-existing Indigenous sovereignty with assumed Crown sovereignty.
The Modern Treaties page shares the innovative self-government agreements negotiated through the treaty process and signed by the Parties.
An Agreement in Principle contains substantive detail of key topics and jurisdictional areas that form the basis of the treaty or tripartite reconciliation agreement. The goal of the negotiating parties is to achieve agreement on the key topics often organized in chapters.
Read through the latest Agreements to gain a better understanding of this important stage of the BC treaty negotiations process.
Over the years the Treaty Commission, Principals, and key officials have engaged several comprehensive review processes to develop innovative approaches to improve and expedite the negotiations of treaties and agreements.
Following innovations to the negotiations processes, negotiations tables have been able to advance from Stage 4 to Stage 5 through various agreements in principle, such as Memorandums of Understanding, Transition Agreements, or other agreements.
More information regarding recent transition agreements and memorandums is shared on the page below.
This gallery shares photos taken over the years at signing ceremonies of modern treaties and agreements, and at celebrations hosted in First Nations communities.